Berkshire Industrial Wastewater Treatment Chemical Supplier
Royal County of Berkshire
Berkshire in England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Lord Lieutenant||James Puxley|
|High Sheriff||G E Barker of Maidenhead (2018–19)|
|Area||1,262 km2 (487 sq mi)|
|• Ranked||40th of 48|
|Population (mid-2017 est.)||905,800|
|• Ranked||24th of 48|
|Density||717/km2 (1,860/sq mi)|
|Joint committees||Berkshire Local Transport Body
Royal Berkshire Fire and Rescue Service
Districts of Berkshire
|Members of Parliament||List of MPs|
|Police||Thames Valley Police|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time(UTC)|
|• Summer (DST)||British Summer Time(UTC+1)|
Berkshire (/ˈbɑːrkʃər/, abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire (as it is pronounced)) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, and letters patent were issued in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin and is a home county, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council.
The historic boundary to the north of Berkshire follows the River Thames, from Buscot to Old Windsor. Therefore, the historic county includes territory that is now administered by the Vale of White Horse and South Oxfordshire districts of Oxfordshire, but excludes Slough and Eton, which are historically in Buckinghamshire. Berkshire County Council was the main local government of the county from 1889 to 1998 and was based in Reading, though the County Borough of Reading was administered separately until 1974. In 1974, the county’s administrative boundaries were significantly altered. The towns of Abingdon, Didcot, Faringdon, Wallingford and Wantage were transferred to Oxfordshire, while Slough, Datchet / Riding Court were added from Buckinghamshire.
Since 1998, Berkshire has been governed by the six unitary authorities of Bracknell Forest, Reading, Slough, West Berkshire, Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham. Berkshire borders the counties of Oxfordshire (to the north), Buckinghamshire (to the north-east), Greater London (to the east), Surrey (to the south-east), Wiltshire (to the west) and Hampshire (to the south).